a) It is a statically typed language – it allows explicit type declaration, initialization and automatic memory management of objects with added syntax. Unlike C++ and Java, types are not checked at run time but when compiling source code.
b) Structures in GO are comparable to those in C and C++, but they cannot contain pointers or user-defined functions.
c) Object creation is done with a special keyword new; there are no operator overloading abilities as exist in Java.
d) Interfaces can be implemented explicitly unlike other languages where they automatically inherit implementation of their parent classes; inheritance may have only one level unlike multiple levels as exist in Java, C# etc.
What makes Go programming language different from other languages?
Go is one of a few object-oriented programming languages that follow in C’s footsteps, using light syntax and some structuring conventions to make code briefer and more readable. But unlike languages such as Java or C++, Go is syntactically simpler; its lack of keywords and heavy punctuation means you have to put less in your head at once. Of course, being so terse also leaves less room for error when writing code.
This simplicity makes Go great for newcomers looking to brush up on computer science fundamentals or experienced coders looking for an accessible language to pick up quickly while they work on other projects. There are a few syntax quirks that might trip you up if you’re used to other languages, but these are easy enough to pick up over time.
What are the pros and cons of Go programming language?
Go is open source and licensed under a liberal BSD-style license. The project’s roots go back to Google’s efforts to develop a next-generation programming language that makes it easier to build simple, reliable, and efficient software. Its modern features make it easy to build fast Web applications, scale up computing jobs with lightweight processes or threads, and compile code for multiple platforms (including Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD, Plan 9 and more).
Being statically typed means developers don’t have to waste time catching errors from incomplete or incorrect typing; static typing also has benefits such as better performance in some scenarios. Go is garbage-collected.
How does it affect your business or tech career?
I’ve been studying Go recently, and I love its simplicity. The language was created at Google in 2007 to solve their problems with C++ (memory management, data races, and large codebases). It’s a compiled language (like C or Java) that has garbage collection and some functional programming features.
My favorite things about Go are goroutines, channels, and interfaces. Goroutines run concurrently with other goroutines on multicore CPUs. Channels provide a first-class way of expressing asynchronous computations. Interfaces let you specify exactly what methods can be called on an object instance at runtime, which is incredibly useful for testing.